Luxor: Luxor is approximately 500km south of Cairo (200km from Hurghada) and is the site of Ancient Thebes.  Luxor is referred to as a city that is entirely an open air museum due to its vast archaeological sites, temples, and ancient history.  Luxor contains the temple complex of Karnack, widely known to be one of the most important historical temple complexes in the world. On the other side of the bank of the Rive Nile, the Ancient Necropolis is easily accessed.  The Ancient Necropolis also includes Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens.